Keyword: Model 2


The city is not a tree / Christopher Alexander

In his essay Alexander distinguishes to structural principles, the rigid “tree” and the “semilattice”, that allows for intersections between elements. He argues that people tend to reduce complex issues conceptually on trees, that it’s even impossible to think in the “semilattice”. He is concerned about the dangers of this conceptual reduction he also sees in architecture and design projects.

Part 1, Part 2

Photography by Prokudin-Gorskii

Documentary photography from Russia in early 20th century. Three separate black and white layers enable color images. They exhibit how our perception or imagination of the past is shaped by black and white photography.