Keyword: Terms


9/11 Memorial Name Layout

The names of the victims of the terror attack on the memorial site are ordered with the help of custom software by their relationships (family, friends, colleagues together). Relatives could influence the final layout. The arrangement should reconstruct the „social net“ of the victims.

Common Sense Computing / ConceptNet

MIT project to develop a collection (a „hypergraph“) of „Common Sense Knowledge“. „To improve computers‘ understanding of the world that people live in and talk about, we need to provide them with usable knowledge about the basic relationships between things that nearly every person knows.“ The data set is free to download and explorable online.

Prototype theory / Labov Experiment

Labov investigated the borders of words and concepts and the working of categorization in everyday communication. In a study drawings of „containers“ with different formal characteristics where shown to participants. They had to assign them with either „cup“, „bowl“ or „vase“. The decision gradually changed when they where asked to imagine the object filled with flowers or mashed potatoes for example. The categorization seems to be context dependent and fuzzy. Prototype theory in general states that we imagine categories of things around a strong member or representative of the category. It often refers to Wittgenstein’s concept of „Familienähnlichkeit“ (family likeness).