Keyword: Visualization


Jupyter Notebook

„The Jupyter Notebook is a web application that allows you to create and share documents that contain live code, equations, visualizations and explanatory text.“

ThingLab (1978) / Alan Borning

One of the first constraint-oriented simulation programs.

Video Demo
Online Version

Critical Atlas of Internet / Louise Drulhe

„The aim of the “Critical Atlas of Internet” is to use spatial analysis as a key to understanding social, political and economic issues on Internet.“

Hamlet / Doug 50

Group project to develop a new software system based on Doug Engelbart’s ideas for the 50th anniversary of the demo of 1968.

Iller / Benjamin Maus & Prokop Bartonicek

„It is an apparatus, that sorts pebbles from a specific river by their geologic age.“

Text in N-Dimensions / Xiangjun Shi Trofimov (Shixie) & Anne Burdick

„The project aims to re-invent the traditional reading interface for digital humanity scholars based on Jerome McGann’s idea: a “dynamic space that can be organized in an indefinite number of perspectives.” The idea is that the reader will be able to „wander“ through a field of text content, and by taking different perspective to view this field of content, derive different threads of argumentation.“

Some Digital Humanities projects (ongoing list)

The Preservation of Favoured Traces / Ben Fry
The Homer Multitext

Intro to Digital Humanities / Reader by Johanna Drucker

Ted Nelson / Concepts & Prototypes

1965, Side-by-side connected comparison of parallel documents

1972, Transpointing windows

1999, PYXI viewer by Ka-Ping Yee

2014, OpenXanadu by Ted Nelson and Nicholas Levin

Key concepts
Xanalogical structure
Parallel documents / Transpointing windows
Deep links
Deep versioning and re-use (transclusion)

JS implementation of Stretchtext
ZigZag database system

Milestones in the History of Thematic Cartography, Statistical Graphics, and Data Visualization

Micro Visualisations / Jonas Parnow

„How can Micro Visualisations enhance text comprehension, memorability, and exploitation?“

Satelliten / Quadrature

Visualization of real-time satellite movement patterns on paper maps.

BackStory / Floria Kräutli

Interactive tool/piece that visualizes editing processes on text archives (Wikipedia articles in this case).

Robot readable world / Timo Arnall

Drawing Dynamic Visualizations / Bret Victor

Talk demonstrating the concept and prototype of a software tool for creating parameterized graphics. Blend of programming and graphics.

Additional Notes

Big Data

„The Petabyte Age is different because more is different. Kilobytes were stored on floppy disks. Megabytes were stored on hard disks. Terabytes were stored in disk arrays. Petabytes are stored in the cloud. As we moved along that progression, we went from the folder analogy to the file cabinet analogy to the library analogy to — well, at petabytes we ran out of organizational analogies.

This is a world where massive amounts of data and applied mathematics replace every other tool that might be brought to bear. Out with every theory of human behavior, from linguistics to sociology. Forget taxonomy, ontology, and psychology. Who knows why people do what they do? The point is they do it, and we can track and measure it with unprecedented fidelity. With enough data, the numbers speak for themselves.“

„The End of Theory“, Chris Anderson in WIRED (+ weitere Kurzartikel zum Thema)

Myriahedral Projections

„A myriahedron is a polyhedron with a very large number of faces. For this reason, we call the results myriahedral projections. In step 2 and 3, this myriahedron is cut open and unfolded. The resulting maps have a large number of interrupts, but are (almost) conformal and conserve areas.“


Research project about the possible role of networked images in the sciences. A system to assamble, categorise, annotate and link images wants to explore new forms of working with images in other scientific contexts than in art history. Some examples on the website.

Nubeology / Gerhard Lang

Lang explores in historical reference to Goethe and Constable cloud phenomena as artistic commentary and the question of presentability. For example his „idealized“ phantom images of clouds he did with help of the „identikit machine“ of the BKA or his „Cloud Walks“.

Prototype theory / Labov Experiment

Labov investigated the borders of words and concepts and the working of categorization in everyday communication. In a study drawings of „containers“ with different formal characteristics where shown to participants. They had to assign them with either „cup“, „bowl“ or „vase“. The decision gradually changed when they where asked to imagine the object filled with flowers or mashed potatoes for example. The categorization seems to be context dependent and fuzzy. Prototype theory in general states that we imagine categories of things around a strong member or representative of the category. It often refers to Wittgenstein’s concept of „Familienähnlichkeit“ (family likeness).

Visualization as tool for productivity / Let’s focus

Let’s focus is an example for a bunch of visualization tools, that should streamline and raise efficiency of communication processes in the context of management and business. The improved productivity is proofed with scientific studies (see Prof. Martin Eppler). The tool is interesting as it provides a set of (partly weird) visual metaphors that want to enable people without special „visual competence“ to take structured notes of meetings e.g. Maybe the tendency to formalize and exploit a kind of visual thinking / diagrammatic reasoning for means of productivity.

Tree of Life (Hillis Plot)

A more complex diagram of evolutionary relations.

Gerhard Dirmoser

Theoretical occupation with diagrams, forms of order, forms of thinking and transformation in own diagrams.

„Formfragen als Ordnugsfragen“ (PDF)

Visual Proof

1 + 3 + 5 + … + (2n − 1) = n^2

Diagrams and their potential to make mathematical relations evidently visible, to proof them solely (previous knowledge assumed) by visual means.

Ricardo Basbaum

Artistic and subjective diagrams, known from the „Atlas of Transformation“.

The city is not a tree / Christopher Alexander

In his essay Alexander distinguishes to structural principles, the rigid „tree“ and the „semilattice“, that allows for intersections between elements. He argues that people tend to reduce complex issues conceptually on trees, that it’s even impossible to think in the „semilattice“. He is concerned about the dangers of this conceptual reduction he also sees in architecture and design projects.

Part 1, Part 2

Thousand Plateaus / Marc Ngui

Illustrations to „A Thousand Plateaus“ by Deleuze/Guattari. As „means of understanding of the ideas presented in the book“.

Selective Memory Theatre / Matthias Dörfelt

The installation tries to simulate and visualize the process of memory by algorithmically combining visual material from newsfeeds.

Astrom / Zimmer

Develop tools for non-linear text production, information search and new forms of knowledge organization. They experiment with interface concepts and ways of associating information to enable new forms of dealing with knowledge, often especially personal knowledge systems.

Designing Universal Knowledge / Gerlinde Schuller

extracts of local distance / FELD

Algorithmically extracted and combined elements of architectural photographs creates new images/interpretations of spaces.