„THE CRITICAL INTERFACE TOOLBOX unfolds as an online resource that exposes experimental methodologies, practices, and tools aimed at enhancing critical thought towards the actual configuration of the Interface.“
Manifesto for a critical approach to the user interface
„Unfold is an online publishing and archiving platform based upon the structure of the digital folder.“
„The Readers Project is a collection of distributed, performative, quasi-autonomous poetic ‚readers‘ — active, procedural entities with distinct reading behaviors and strategies. […] Each reader follows traces of linguistic and poetic structure — symbolic idealities — that define their specific focus of attention. Since the their behaviors are derived from a necessarily partial, aesthetically implicated analysis of human reading, they explore and reveal certain contours and outlines of linguistic materiality’s ‚other dimensions‘, in work that we propose to be significant, affective, and literary.“
„Objectifier empowers people to train objects in their daily environment to respond to their unique behaviors. It gives an experience of training an artificial intelligence; a shift from a passive consumer to an active, playful director of domestic technology.“
„Land Lines is an experiment that lets you explore Google Earth satellite imagery through gesture. “Draw” to find satellite images that match your every line; “Drag” to create an infinite line of connected rivers, highways and coastlines.“
„Socratic Search is a speculative search engine based upon the principles of Socractic Questioning, and built on Google Custom Search technology. Replacing a single search button with multiple search options. It’s aim is to guide users into a deeper, more disciplined ways of questioning the worlds information that Google organises and returns to us every day.“
„A workshop and ongoing research project which uses Sir John Soane’s unrealised architectural speculation ‚Design for an Entrance to London‘ (c 1805) as a means to reimagine how we directly access and perceive the internet as the modern equivalent to the living organism of a city. The workshop questions how we might do this in a way that more critically considers the role access to the internet plays in authoring our interpretation of reality, our shared values, our social potential and human evolution.“
„Contra-Internet engages the emerging militancies and subversions of “the Internet,” such as the global proliferation of autonomous mesh networks, encryption tactics, and darknets. Contra-Internet aims to function as a conceptual, practical, and experimental framework for refusing the neoliberal logic of “the Internet” while building alternatives to its infrastructure.“
„The Jupyter Notebook is a web application that allows you to create and share documents that contain live code, equations, visualizations and explanatory text.“
Writing environment with strong focus on structure.
A computer system with text-based interface and some ideosyncratic tweaks developed by Raskin aimed at high efficiency and convenience. He elaborates on his approach in his „Humane Interface“ book. Most notably the LEAP function, a way to quickly navigate around documents, that also introduced the dedicated LEAP buttons on the CanonCat’s keyboard.
CanonCat demo video
Promo video for the LEAP technology
One of the first constraint-oriented simulation programs.
„… is a hybrid graphics editor and programming environment for creating interactive diagrams.“
„Soylent is a crowd-powered interface: one that embeds workers from Mechanical Turk into Microsoft Word.“
„The project aims to re-invent the traditional reading interface for digital humanity scholars based on Jerome McGann’s idea: a “dynamic space that can be organized in an indefinite number of perspectives.” The idea is that the reader will be able to „wander“ through a field of text content, and by taking different perspective to view this field of content, derive different threads of argumentation.“
Early spreadsheet software, to be considered the first „killer app“ for Personal Computing and the first application that convinced people to invest in whole systems (the Apple II). First software that went through a whole software career cycle, until its decline fueled by competitor „Lotus 1-2-3“. Also notable for its good documentation at that time.
1965, Side-by-side connected comparison of parallel documents
1972, Transpointing windows
1999, PYXI viewer by Ka-Ping Yee
2014, OpenXanadu by Ted Nelson and Nicholas Levin
Parallel documents / Transpointing windows
Deep versioning and re-use (transclusion)
JS implementation of Stretchtext
ZigZag database system
A Hardware Controller for InDesign
„Scream sits quietly in your computer’s system tray and automatically springs into action when it detects a scream. Scream disturbs your Windows interface. […] When your throat gets tired, Scream can double as an unusual music visualizer – or as a new approach to desktop filmmaking. Use Scream to start a meme. Or simply as a random act of deprogramming.“